An airway obstruction can be one of the worst things that can happen to someone around you. When something clogs the trachea, the victim cannot breathe. Thats why it is important to act quickly and help the person get rid of what has blocked the trachea. If the object cannot be removed, the person risks being suffocated to death.
An airway obstruction can happen to anyone - regardless of age. Both small children and adults can get something in the throat that gets stuck in the trachea. Often it is about food that is swallowed in far too large pieces, but it can also be small toys etc. What is common is that the affected person needs help quickly.
How to help someone who has suffered an airway obstruction varies. A small infant cannot receive the same treatment as an adult. The bodies are simply differently fragile and differently developed. During a CPR training, you must therefore learn how to help both a baby, a child and an adult who has suffered an airway obstruction.
One risk that all parents are constantly faced with is that their children should get something stuck in their throat, especially during meals. According to the study Airway obstruction, how parents understand the risk are children who suffer from an airway obstruction almost exclusively between 0–3 years: http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:948306/FULLTEXT01.pdf. However, it is uncommon for a child to die as a result of an airway obstruction.
Just like in an adult, a baby can be saved by a back throbbing and chest pressure. However, it must be done more carefully.
According to the Healthcare Handbook, 50% of all airway obstructions can be remedied with a single technique: https://www.vardhandboken.se/vard-och-behandling/hjart-lungraddning/luftvagsstopp/. However, 50% require the use of more techniques. It is therefore best to combine back throbbing and abdominal pressure to help someone who has suffered an airway obstruction.
If someone suffers an airway obstruction, the object must be removed within a few minutes. Otherwise, shortness of breath can lead to suffocation and cardiac arrest, of which CPR must be initiated until the ambulance arrives.
A very good way to remove objects that are stuck in the airways is to use the Heimlich maneuver. At CPR Help, you will find an ActFast training vest for airway obstruction that you can use to learn and how the Heimlich maneuver works. It is also an excellent tool for the participants themselves to be able to test performing both abdominal pressure and back throbbing.
A participant will wear the vest, which creates a realistic situation. The back and stomach are protected, which means that other participants can practice back throbbing and abdominal pressure on the participant without injuring him. By practicing these techniques on a human being, a realistic situation is created and it is also easier than training with a rigid doll. ActFast practice vest is thus an excellent aid in a CPR training.
Just abdominal pressure in the form of the Heimlich maneuver and back throbbing are what can usually get rid of objects that are stuck in the airways. With the right technology and strength, this is something that can help save many lives. Practicing how to act in the event of an airway blockage is important, especially since it can happen basically anywhere.